Classicism (neoclassicism) was heavily influenced by the art of the classical antiquity. The artists wanted to distance themselves from the middle ages cultural decline, they started to study the ancient societies and became particularly fascinated with the values of classical Greek and Roman art.
Renaissance Classicism is also characterized by a revival of classical subject matter such as mythological, religious and historical figures. And because of it we are able to appreciate (today) many of art works majestically portraying classical scenes from the bible.
Classical art is renowned for its harmony, balance, correct proportions, lifelikeness and its sense of movement, all of which assist to attain absolute grace and beauty. Some artists even made use of mathematical rations to achieve a symmetrical and unified design. The movement helped to resuscitate the belief that nature is governed by rational laws which we can apply to our own creations; combining science, mathematics and art once more.
Some of the Artists:
- Leon Battista Alberti
- Sandro Botticelli
- Donato Bramante
- Filippo Brunelleschi
- Andrea Mantegna